The word saffron derives from the Latin word safranum, which in turn derives from Zafaran (زعفران) (from Asfar (أصفر), which means "yellow") and the Persian / Afghan Safaron (زعفران). The true saffron (Crocus sativus) is a plant of the family Iridaceae, cultivated in Central Asia and in the countries of the Mediterranean basin.

                                                          THE PRODUCTION AREAS IN THE WORLD AND IN ITALY

The world production of
saffron is about 178 tons for the year. The major production areas are located in Central Asia. In Afghanistan (Central Asia), saffron is cultivated for thousands of years as one of the most suitable grounds and climates in nature. In fact, the cultivation of saffron is suitable for the dry climate typical of Afghanistan, particularly in mountainous areas at 500-700 meters above sea level, with lower rainfall in winter and summer with severe drought and high temperature with low humidity typical Afghanistan. Are to be avoided, without fail, wet, wet and heavy.

Red and blue areas of increased production of saffron in Afghanistan

In Europe and especially in Italy growers fear the autumn frosts and snows early, that occur during the period of full bloom and do not allow production in large plots. From 1979 until 2000 the production had stopped for the Afghan war continues. For nearly 10 years the production has resumed with ever-increasing rate due to ground and climate that allow a natural growth of saffron. In Italy the cultivation is very small (about 400 kg per year compared to 12 tons imported). cultures with a certain meaning can be found in the Marche, Abruzzo, Sardinia, Umbria and Tuscany. Spice is derived from the trifid stigma called "saffron", used in cooking, in medicinal preparations, in the confectionery industry, the industry of beauty and anti-aging products

Production cycle of biological saffron called BEST SAFFRON

The life cycle of BEST SAFFRON is divided into two phases: an activity that runs from August / September to April / May and a  resting phaseseason which runs from June to August. In the active phase distinguish a first phase in which the engraftment occurs : the bulb resumes activity and differ flowers and leaves. At this stage, it is blooming that the foliation occur in the total load of reserve substances stored in the bulb . Flowering occurs from mid-October through November and lasts about 20 days. Following the vegetative phase , during which they grow leaves and due to their activities summarizing the reserve substances in new bulbs . The land does not require much : a good preliminary milling , made ​​in the previous spring planting, and fertilizing natural organic typical of our tradition. In fact saffron to be of good quality must come from organic soils and calcareous - clayey- siliceous typical of Afghanistan. At the end of this activity the bulbs have reached the final dimensions . With this phase the plant grows thanks to drought and high temperatures of the summer period typical of these regions of Afghanistan and very suitable for the preparation of a saffron of highest quality among the most valuable in the world . In the month of August begins the production cycle our saffron we call BEST SAFFRON in our land in Afghanistan. During this time our farmers shall plant the bulbs on land previously machined and specifically prepared. In the plots cultivated in the past season shall be collected with the pick of the bulbs and inspect the material extracted from the ground by removing the damaged one and small ( diameter less at 2 - 2,5 cm ) that do not produce flowers. The bulbs can be used for the planting of the outer skins are washed , dried , before being planted in the new plot . The plantation is to fix the bulbs in deep furrows about 15 cm, with spaces between the rows about 10 cm and 40 cm spacing of the grooves. After placing the bulbs above the ground with a rake , you should dig the grooves on the sides to avoid standing water that may be harmful. Flowering occurs after about 40 days. On 500 square meters you can get from 75,000 to 100,000 flowers. The flowers must be harvested by hand in the morning, before the sun's rays more intense it induces the opening , then being able to alter the active ingredients present in the stigmas of the saffron. On the same day of collection, before the flowers wilt , it is necessary to separate , always manually , the stigmas of the flower and proceed immediately to their drying that we carry out in a natural way , so as to obtain the finished product which then must be stored under appropriate conditions to protect from light and moisture. 100 square meters on average get only 60 grams of spice . After the period of flowering plants continue to grow from November to June , while in the ground, from the mother bulb , destined to disappear , they are different bulbs that will reach the final size of the bulb tubers children in the period from May to June . In recent months the growth cycle of the crop ends and the reproductive material remains dormant in the soil, ready to be harvested and planted again according to the technique of growing yearly . The annual technical , although more demanding in terms of labor , but allows you to: a) crops more homogeneous , as the bulbs are inspected and selected before each new planting; b ) a spice of best quality, because land resources are used by the crop for one year only . Saffron can be grown as a multi-year culture , the practice followed in some areas of the Mediterranean basin , which provides for the extraction of the bulbs from the ground and the subsequent replanting every 4-6 years.

Clicking on the PDF icon will open the certificate of organic saffron issued by Ministry of Commerce of Afghanistan

Clicking on the PDF icon will open the certificate of authenticity and responsibility before the law